One idea when it comes to composition is to take into account the colours of the scene and how the colours work with and contrast against each others. A photographer that specialises in photographing yachts once said that in every photo he takes is the colour red. Why? Because the red always contrast against the boat and our eyes are naturally drawn to it. On every shoot he brings red jumpers for sailors to wear so they stand out in the shot.
The principles of selective colouring is good for monochrome scenes ( mist, fog, rain and snow) which will make your subject to pop out at you, this is a well known practise in photoshop by slightly desaturating everything except the subject.
The above image is an example of selective colouring through composition not photoshop. It was a misty morning at about 7.30 using the paleness of the surrounding area due to the mist and the coldness of the colour temperature at that time of day I was able to shoot the leaf and and get its really nice autumn colours contrast brilliantly with the rest of the scene.
The image is backlit, I shot into the direction of the rising sun, this was my +1 exposure in my bracket, shooting ISO 2000 96mm F5.6 1/40s. Basic raw balancing in in Lightroom.
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